Jeju Island or Jeju-Do (pronounced as cheju) is an island located near the southern coast of the South Korean mainland. The capital city of the island is Jeju city. Jeju Island is a volcanic island having been formed by volcanic activity.
This island is the largest of South Korea’s islands, and there are a great many places to visit in Jeju, it being a World Heritage Natural Site. Jeju Island features South Korea’s tallest mountain peak, Mount Hallasan, also known as just Mt.Halla (a dormant volcano that rises around 1,950 meters above sea level).
The very top of the peak, there is a crater, which now contains a lake, and there are also several beautiful rock formations around the mountain. Mt.Hallasan also features around 368 peaks known as Oreums.
There are many of these in the island. Jeju Island is famous for its lava tubes, which draw many tourists, and are of great value to scientists and researchers.
The Mount Hallasan Natural Reserve (Hallasan National Park) is a very beautiful national park, and a good place to visit, especially for nature lovers. The Reserve is home to a variety of flora and fauna.
There are many endangered species of wildlife found here. The Pillemot cave is located in the reserve, and is famous for the artefacts found there, dating from the Paleolithic period.
Seongsan Ilchulbong, formed by volcanic activity, is another popular tourist destination in Jeju Island. It is also called the ‘Sunrise Peak’, and many tourists visit the place because of the scenic views offered by the place.
Another main tourist attraction is the Geomun Oreum Lava Tube System, which include the famous and wonderful caves of Yongcheon, Dangcheomul and Manjang.
Other sites worth visiting include the Hadori Migratory Bird Habitat, farming and fishing villages, the harbour, Jeju Stone Village Park, Gimnyeong Maze Park, Bijarim Forest, Cheonjiyeon Waterfall, beaches like the Gimnyeong Beach, and many more.
The Choga houses (Straw thatched houses) which are in the island are also worth seeing. There also many museums of interest in Jeju, like the Jeju Natural Museum, Jeju Folklore Museum, Jeju National Museum, etc.
Jeju Island offers a variety of recreational activities like horse riding, hiking (there are around 4 major hiking trails in Mt.Hallasan), boat and submarine cruises, scuba diving, fishing, yachting, paragliding, hunting, in-line skating and more. There are also many festivals of interest held in Jeju Island like the famous Jeju Fire Festival for example.