Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya is in northern Africa on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea sandwiched between Tunisia and Algeria; thus it is bordered by Sudan, Egypt, Chad, Niger, Algeria, and Tunisia. The natives are Arabs, Berbers, and other minorities. Religion followed is Islam. Benghazi and Misratah are the major cities.
Highest elevation is Jebel Betta at 2286m in the Tibesti Range. Libya has only seasonal streams or wadis. At Tripoli, Sahara merges into the Mediterranean. This is the cosmopolitan capital. Tourists flock the al Saray Al Hamra Castle, Medina or the ancient walled town, mosques, museums and the markets for shopping.
Climate is Mediterranean in the coastal region; hot and dry in hinterland deserts, with frequent sandstorms. Libya is a vast desert country occupied by the sandy Libyan Desert in the east and the stony Hammadah al Hamra in the west.
In places the desert is studded with oases surviving on water pumped from deep artesian wells. The largest cluster of oases in the south-eastern sector of the country is known as Al Kufrah.
Vegetation thrives only on a narrow coastal belt of land and in the irrigated oases. The country is extremely poor in animal life, both in species and number. Typically indigenous fauna are jackal, fennec, and hyena. The desert is inhabited by various lizards and monitors.
In recent years a considerable number of roads and motorways have been built along the coast. Motorways now connect some oases in the south and continue even into neighbouring Chad and Niger. In the desert, however, camels are still the most dependable means of conveyance. Libya operates its own international airlines. The largest airports and maritime cargo handling facilities are in Tripoli and Benghazi.
Common tourists are amazed on seeing the old Roman-Greek towns namely Cyrene, Leptis Magna, Sabratha, and Byzantine. It is so vibrant that history comes alive in front of the eyes as the guide narrates and links the events. The country is vast with hostile terrain and it is advisable to travel in organised groups. Islamic imprints are still very much visible at Darnah, Sirt as well as at Ajdabiya.
Then there are the World Heritage Sites like Sabratah, Cyrene, Magna and Leptis. For desert safari the town of Ghat, Ghadames, Ojla, Jalu, Fezzan and Zuwaylah are the best destinations to move onwards. Rock art evolved over centuries of environmental work is seen at the Akakus Mountains. The place is so unique you will fall in love with it.