Republic Zambia in central Africa is landlocked by borders of Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Namibia, and Angola. It gets its name after Zambezi River. The natives are of Bantu, European, and Asian origin. Official language is English. Some of the major cities are Kitwe and Ndola.
Highest elevation is Muchinga at 1,892 m. Chief rivers are Bangeolu, Mweru, and Tanganyika. Lusaka, is the capital of the nation. Lake Kariba is in the vicinity. Tourists enjoy houseboats and fishing in this crocodile infested lake. On the outskirts of the capital most visited is the reptile farm and the botanical garden with a zoo.
Climate is equatorial moderated by altitude, with heavy summer rains. The months beginning September to November are hot and humid, monsoon follows till April; Between May-August it is arid and cool.
Zambia consists of a number of plateaux separated by river valleys. In the north-east the Muchinga Range towers over the country lying between the Rivers Zambezi and Luangwa.
The Kariba Dam has formed a large lake on the Zambezi. South of the dam is one of the wonders of the world, the famous Victoria Falls on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border where the water descends 109 m, raising a cloud of fine water mist.
Railway lines link the mining districts with ports in the neighbouring countries. The roads are relatively well developed. Lusaka is served by seven international flights, and aeroplane services are also provided for the outlying districts of the country.
In the wilderness of the land the water bodies take rough and calm appearance according to the terrain. The water cascades, makes waterfalls, gushes into rapids and smoothly sails the boats. The tourists enjoy the water in all its speed enjoying the surfing, water rafting, jet boating, canoeing, and bunji jumping.
The wildlife reserves like the Kafue National Park, Lower Zambezi National Park, with unique Chirundu Fossil Forest that does not decay, and South Luangwa National Park, etc are busy tourist centres for a day’s outing or as safari destination covering a few of the reserves over a few days time. The second largest globally, Lake Tanganyika is a well developed tourist centre.
For mining tourism see Collier monument in Luanshya, or appreciate the Kundabwika Rock Painting or the Nachikofu Cave with similar craft. The land offers the traditional cultural remains and the unadulterated nature. A visit here becomes a memorable one.